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Walls in Design


A wall of any house is an essential structure that provides shelter or security to its residents. A big wall, be it interior or exterior, can be the perfect canvas for creative décor.

So, with a little creativity and artistry, one can make a boring wall unique and aesthetic. The main purpose of this article is to introduce the readers to different types of wall and its material.

First, we can divide Wall into two parts, exterior wall and interior wall. Exterior wall protects us from the sun and rain, provides security and ensures our privacy.

Then again, the interior one is the wall inside of a house. It also divides greater space into smaller rooms.

Wall can be made in many ways and with different materials. It is a joint effort by an architect and an interior designer to make a wall stunning in terms of looks and durability.

Brick Wall:

A brick wall is a wall made of bricks.

Brick walls date back at least five thousand years ago in the Indian subcontinent area. This ancient crafts of making a wall with bricks and cement mortar completes when the plaster is done on the briquette.

Exterior wall is usually 10 inches wide while the width of interior wall is 5 inches. The advantage of a brick wall is, its colour can be changed anytime or it can be rebuilt easily.

However, a brick wall may be humid or damaged by water flow. Making a brick wall takes longer than other walls. During the construction of the wall, certain things are to be taken care of, such as the wall should be built straight and it should be covered with plasters smoothly.

Exposed brick Wall:

The exposed brick wall means the kind of wall that is made of ‘special’ bricks and left un-plastered allowing the brickwork to show.


This kind of wall has a unique charm for creating a vintage accent wall and many people are attracted to its great visual interest that it generates.

Concrete wall:

Concrete wall is made with concrete, a composite material composed of cement, sand, bricks, and stones with water.

Concrete Wall is an eclectic one that is quite strong. It even looks perfect without plaster. The advantage of the concrete wall is it helps to keep the room temperature cool. It is stronger than brick wall that can protect the building from earthquake.

Fair-faced Concrete Wall:

It’s better than regular concrete wall having special textures. This wall is not painted usually. Its aim is to achieve immaculate and aesthetic appearance.


Stonewalls date back to the era when brick, sand, and cement were not discovered. Although, stonewalls are not very popular at present, it can be used sharply for beauty enhancement. Exposed stone wall can be used for interior and boundary wall. Stone wall is a strong one with attractive visual appearance. Another advantage of Stonewall is that it is waterproof.

Glass wall:

Glass wall can be used for both exterior and interior cases. Exterior walls with steel frame and glass are very common these days. By using lamination of different shades, its colour can be changed easily. Glass walls of the high-rise buildings are also used for advertising. The advantage of glass walls is its easy and quick installation.


Glass walls can be used as an interior partition to make a soundproof room. Before installing of a glass wall, the heat gain properties of a particular glass should be studied well so that it does not affect the room temperature.  However, glass wall is an expensive material for exterior wall.

Board Wall:

The much used Wall in interior designing is board wall. It is easy to create a board wall for an internal partition by using particle board and plywood. Various types of boards of 8 feet by 4 feet modular sizes are available in markets.

The wall becomes stronger when a wooden grid frame is installed between two boards.

Typically plastic paint is used on board walls. The drawback of board wall is, it may bend if the quality of the board is not good. Also, the board-wall is not soundproof.

Soundproof Wall:

There are various types of soundproof wall-blocks available in the market. Any type of wall can be made soundproof by installing such blocks.


These blocks, however, are very expensive. A soundproof wall is generally used at studios, meeting rooms, conference halls and in many other places.


The usage of colour on the wall is very important. Different types of colours are available in the market including enamel paint, plastic paint and weather coat.


The names of colours may vary as per different companies.

Generally, we use plastic paint on the inner wall of the house. Plastic paints are neither glossy nor rustic while Enamel paint is washable and is a bit glossy.

Weather coat colour is used for the exterior wall as it protects the walls from rain and sun.


Wall tiles make any house look trendy and aesthetic. It has functional advantage too as it protects a wall from humidity.

There is a wide variety of tiles in market ranging from simple to designer tiles; from local to foreign tiles.

Presently, rustic tile is very popular as wall tiles. Tiles of wooden textures make the wall a wooden look.

PVC board:

PVC or plastic boards are relatively expensive. It is widely used due to its waterproof features. For instance, if the wall of a bathroom is made with tiles, the water may leak outside the wall making it damp.


Besides, there are also various types of decorative wall materials available in the market. For example, decorative blocks, wallpapers etc. You can make some beautiful designs with terracotta also.


Contributor:  Asaduzzaman Sumon


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